The essential fundamental information for safe and effective fire and rescue operations in the modern built environment

1.     Understand the impact of any form of ventilation fire development

2.     Understand the driving forces behind Natural Ventilation

3.     Understand Horizontal Ventilation

4.     Understand Vertical Ventilation

5.     Understand Anti-Ventilation

6.     Understand the overall impact of Wind Driven Fires (WDF).

7.     Tactical Synergy for Natural Ventilation

8.     Understand the principles of Forced Ventilation

9.     Understand the principles of using fans to pressurize uninvolved spaces

10.  Understand the principles of Positive Pressure Attack (PPA).


Every fire sends out signals that can assist the firefighter in determining the stage of development, and most importantly the changes that are likely to occur. This skill is essential to ensure the correct firefighting strategy and tactics are employed.

Being able to "read a fire” is the mark of a firefighter who is able to make decisions based on knowledge and skill, not guess work, or luck.

Shan Raffel, Fire Australia Journal, May 2002, p 11

Street Smart Fire Behaviour

BE SAHF Model of rapid risk assessment