1. Understand the impact of any form of ventilation fire development

1.1 Explain the role air plays in the development of a compartment fire.

1.2 Explain the difference between air controlled and fuel controlled burning regimes.

1.3 Explain the role of air supply and flashover.

1.4 Explain the role of air supply and backdraft.

1.5 Explain how buoyant smoke flow can impact the likelihood of fire gas ignition.

2. Understand the driving forces behind Natural Ventilation

2.1 Explain how compartment fires may self- ventilate and the impact this will have on fire progression.

2.2 Explain the forces that influence natural ventilation.

3. Understand Horizontal Ventilation

3.1 Explain the most efficient method of moving smoke using horizontal ventilation methods, including the inlet to exhaust ratios and height differentials.

3.2 Explain the impact of wind on horizontal ventilation.

3.3 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of horizontal ventilation.

4. Understand Vertical Ventilation

4.1 Explain the most efficient method of moving smoke using vertical ventilation methods including inlet to exhaust ratios and their location.

4.2 Explain the impact of wind on vertical ventilation.

4.3 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of vertical ventilation.

5. Understand Anti-Ventilation

5.1 Explain the impact of reducing air supply by closing existing openings.

5.2 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of anti-ventilation.

6. Understand the overall impact of Wind Driven Fires (WDF).

6.1 Explain the impact of a wind driven fire.

6.2 Explain the fire behavior indicators of a wind driven fire.

6.3 Explain the tactical options for dealing with WDF

7. Tactical Synergy for Natural Ventilation

7.1 Explain how Horizontal Ventilation, Vertical Ventilation and Anti-Ventilation can be combined in a manner that can increase the effectiveness of search and fire attack.

7.2 Explain how ventilation techniques can be combined with extinguishing tactics and techniques to increase efficiency and safety.

7.3 Cool before you vent options

7.4 Transitional Attack

7.5 Gas Cooling and Flame Cooling

7.6 3D Zone Control (Buffer Zone and Safe Zone)

8. Understand the principles of Forced Ventilation

8.1 Explain Negative Pressure Ventilation (NPV) techniques.

8.2 Explain the basic principles of Positive Pressure Ventilation including variations in the inlet to exhaust ratio.

8.3 Explain the impact of variables such as fan design and siting can impact efficiency.

8.4 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of forced ventilation.

8.5 Explain techniques used in post fire ventilation.

9. Understand the principles of using fans to pressurize uninvolved spaces

9.1 Explain how fans can be used to prevent the flow of smoke into adjacent horizontal compartments.

9.2 Explain how fans can be used to prevent smoke flow into adjacent vertical levels.

9.3 Explain how fans can be used to pressurize stairwells in multilevel structures.

10. Understand the principles of Positive Pressure Attack (PPA).

10.1 Explain the term PPA.

10.2 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of PPA.

10.3 Explain the necessity of the “4 Points of PPA” in ensuring that the plan is progressing as anticipated.

10.4 Explain implementation strategies that are required for successful progression to PPA.

11. Demonstrate a range of small scale and cold exercises to demonstrate the learning outcomes defined in sections 1 – 7.

11.1 Students use a range of media to demonstrate the assessment criteria of sections 1-7. This can be anything from multimedia, small scale hot or cold demonstrations to large scale cold demonstrations.

12. Demonstrate the use available large scale multicompartment and multilevel props to demonstrate the learning outcomes defined in sections 1 – 7.

12.1 Students use a range of multicompartment and multilevel large-scale props to demonstrate the assessment criteria of sections 1-7. This can be anything from cold smoke, hot smoke drums to moderate class A fuel fires.

12.2 Students will be assessed on the ability to meet the learning outcomes in a safe manner.

12.3 Where the facilities are not available, they must develop a model session plan that demonstrates their ability to use a large-scale live fire facility in a safe manner.

13. Demonstrate a range of small scale and cold exercises to demonstrate the learning outcomes defined in sections 8-10.

13.1 Students use a range of media to demonstrate the assessment criteria of sections 8-10. This can be anything from multimedia, small scale hot or cold demonstrations to large scale cold demonstrations.

14. Demonstrate the use available large scale multicompartment and multilevel props to demonstrate the learning outcomes defined in sections 8 –10.

14.1 Students use a range of multicompartment and multilevel large-scale props to demonstrate the assessment criteria of sections 8-10. This can be anything from hot smoke drums to moderate class A fuel.

14.2 Students will be assessed on the ability to meet the learning outcomes in a safe manner.

14.3 Where the facilities are not available, they must develop a model session plan that demonstrates their ability to use a live fire facility in a safe manner.


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